[discuss] Roadmap for globalizing IANA
steve at shinkuro.com
Wed Mar 12 18:24:38 UTC 2014
Thanks for asking. See below.
On Mar 12, 2014, at 11:22 AM, Seun Ojedeji <seun.ojedeji at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hello Steve i just like to get one thing correctly - kindly see below:
> On Wed, Mar 12, 2014 at 1:47 PM, Steve Crocker <steve at shinkuro.com> wrote:
> To be a bit more precise, neither of these authorities is able to register a TLD.
> Does either of them have the authority to reject a TLD registration? Or to better put it, do they have any authority to reject and gTLD or ccTLD information from being entered into the root zone?
> NTIA has a contract with ICANN to perform the IANA function. The IANA function does not include the creation or oversight of the gTLDs. That function belongs to a different part of ICANN and is governed by the multi-stakeholder policy processes of ICANN. The part of ICANN that creates a new gTLD sends that information over to the IANA group to put the information into the root zone.
> The statement above is almost confusing ;), you said IANA function does not include creation of gTLD but then the request to add the gTLDs to the root zone still get sent through the same IANA? Pardon my layman understanding of this whole DNS series; I am looking at the NTIA site describing the IANA function and am wondering, if gTLD is not part of the "certain responsibilities associated with Internet DNS root zone management" refereed to by NTIA as one of IANA function. Then what is?
> 1. http://www.ntia.doc.gov/page/iana-functions-purchase-order--
The reference above appears to have been truncated in transmission. I’m not sure precisely which page(s) you looked at so I’ll refer to the web page covering the NTIA actions on the IANA contract [A] and the award [B]. The operative language is in sections C.2.9.2.c and C.2.9.2.d, covering ccTLDs and gTLDs, respectively. These paragraphs are on pages 7-8 of [B].
> C.2.9.2.c Delegation and Redelegation of a Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) --The Contractor shall apply existing policy frameworks in processing requests related to the delegation and redelegation of a ccTLD, such as RFC 1591 Domain Name System Structure and Delegation, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) Principles And Guidelines For The Delegation And Administration Of Country Code Top Level Domains, and any further clarification of these policies by interested and affected parties as enumerated in Section C.1.3. If a policy framework does not exist to cover a specific instance, the Contractor will consult with the interested and affected parties, as enumerated in Section C.1.3; relevant public authorities; SA1301-12-CN-00358 and governments on any recommendation that is not within or consistent with an existing policy framework. In making its recommendations, the Contractor shall also take into account the relevant national frameworks and applicable laws of the jurisdiction that the TLD registry serves. The Contractor shall submit its recommendations to the COR via a Delegation and Redelegation Report.
> C.2.9.2.d Delegation and Redelegation of a Generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) --The Contractor shall verify that all requests related to the delegation and redelegation of gTLDs are consistent with the procedures developed by ICANN. In making a delegation or redelegation recommendation, the Contractor must provide documentation verifying that ICANN followed its own policy framework including specific documentation demonstrating how the process provided the opportunity for input from relevant stakeholders and was supportive of the global public interest. The Contractor shall submit its recommendations to the COR via a Delegation and Redelegation Report.
These paragraphs burden IANA with verifying that the decisions to create or re-delegate a TLD conform to the relevant policies and processes, but they do not place the burden or responsibility in IANA for making those decisions.
I know this may seem like a fine distinction, but it’s precisely the line between the “big” decisions as to who operates a TLD and the role of the IANA, which is to ensure the updates to the root zone are accurate and complete.
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