[discuss] The decentralization of the DNS system

willi uebelherr willi.uebelherr at riseup.net
Fri Jun 19 21:28:04 UTC 2015

The decentralization of the DNS system

We need a completely self-organizing Internet. And this is possible only 
through massive decentralization. We can look at the difficulties at the 
beginning of the Internet with tolerance. They were mostly of technical 
nature. But today we have other conditions. And under such other 
conditions arise other possibilities.

It is about the IP address. It is necessary to ensure that the packets 
find their direct path to their goals. The router work with numbers. We 
humans with text. The content is the same. Only the representation is 

The Internet, a transport system for digital data in packet form, needs 
the destination address in order to direct the packets to their 
destinations. The packages contain that destination address. Thus, the 
packets are always the instance to activate and orient the router.

This, however, requires the knowledge of the geographical position of 
the target in order to determine the direction to this. But this 
question is not the subject of this text. Here i speak about about how 
the transformation of a text can be organized properly into the 
numerical representation of the IP address.

We focus on the ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain). It is the first 
level of the cascade for the decentralized organization of the DNS 
system. The gTLD (generic TLD such as .com, .org, .net ...) do not 
interest us. Each person can decide for themselves whether they want to 
apply this nonsense.

Each host on the Internet, client or server or both, has a unique and 
singular geographical position. We describe it with the world coordinate 
system WCS 1984 (WCS84) or later versions. All GPS and online map 
systems work with that. For mobile devices, this is always the position 
of the access point to the Internet. To transport the packages we need 
this information so that the router can select the most direct route.

The decentralization of the DNS system rests on the cascade steadily 
reduced regions. The first level is the ccTLD. So a country with 
borders, as we know it today. We can use this, although it is not 
optimal. All other levels are determined exclusively in their regions. 
The administration, as set, change, and resolve, only happens in the 
region. This applies to each level.

The organizational level for the ccTLD is the association of the 
countries on our planet. So the UN. The regions within a country are 
organizational objects in the respective country. Local regions are 
organizational properties of the larger region.

The organizational models are always determined at the level of each 
region. In order for a region in Brazil is achieved via the ccTLD ".br" 
worldwide. But their internal deeper structure may be different from the 
structure in Kenya, India or Russia. Regardless of the specific local / 
regional organizational structure of the DNS system, we always get the 
correct IP address for our goal. Only the principles of the resolution 
of a  domain sequence into a numeric IP address is the subject of our 
common discussion.

With the local self-organization we dissolve the need for global 
Internet Governance. This may for organizations, that are derive its 
raison d'être from the global Internet Governance, be uncomfortable. We 
carry this with serenity.

Important for us is to help all the people in the different regions of 
our planet to organize their own DNA structure in accordance with their 
own principles. This makes it possible for all people of our planet to 
connect to all regions of our planet for the communication.

We have several instruments which have well proven in the history of the 
Internet. The most important instrument are the RFCs. With that we can 
best explain the principles of decentralized DNS system. And this is 
also the place where we describe the global access to the ccTLD's. The 
rest is regional and local task.

The dynamics in the inventory of domains can be very large. But this 
task is clearly and simply by  decentralization of the administration.

An important field of our activities in the IG forums is the propagation 
of a free access to the setting up, modification and dissolution of a 
domain. Technically this is not a major challenge, because the 
processing of an item can be organized by the applicants themselves. 
There is only one set in a simple database. The blockages are in the 
bureaucratic systems. But the dissolution of these blockades always 
remains the task of the people in their regions.

With the help of free software and open source software we can do this 
very easily realized in a large cooperation. So the DNS system is an 
experiential field of creative and international cooperation.

with many greetings, willi
Porto Alegre, Brasil

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