[discuss] Real world Impact of multiple roots

Salanieta T. Tamanikaiwaimaro salanieta.tamanikaiwaimaro at gmail.com
Mon Feb 3 22:02:37 UTC 2014

Dear All,

I must say that following this thread has been somewhat interesting. The
fact that the discussions have been ongoing for the past decade or more
shows that the discussions have not been fully aired out. I have
consolidated aspects and links shared in this thread and wonder whether
organised a webcast on the matter might be useful.

I have also identified some questions that arise out of the discussions.

A Panel could be convened to discuss the following:


   *ICANN* [ICP-3 A Unique Authoritative Root for the DNS ] via Root Server
   System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) and Security Stability Advisory
   Committee (SSAC) -

   *Internet Architecture Board (IAB*) - RFC 2826 and IETF Announcement

   *US based Root Zone Operator*

   *Non-US based Root Zone Operator *

   *Packet Clearing House*




Selection of panel should be those for a single unified root and those
against it. It would be good to have a dialogue where speakers are timed in
their responses.

Some questions that surface from the exchange in thought and interaction on
this topic are as follows:


1. Are decisions by the RSSAC and SSAC open and accessible to the Public?

2. Are the Audits conducted by RSSAC open and accessible to the Public?

3.What are the threats and risks to the Root Zone?

4.How do these threats threaten the security of the Internet?

5. Are there aspects of these threats commercial and/or related to national
security? If so describe.

6.Are there aspects of these threats that interfere with the stability of
the Internet. If so describe. How do these threats affect global public
interest? Would this interfere with real time gross settlements where
electronic banking is concerned. Would it increase incidences of cyber
crime? Would it increase and multiply current vulnerabilities that exist?

7.What would this mean for Whois? Will this make it harder for law
enforcement in instances of cyber crime?

8)What are some advantages of having alternative roots?

9)Are there commercial advantages of having alternative roots?

10) Would increasing alternative roots increase competition and increase
the market?

11)Are there security comparative advantages to having alternative roots?

12)Do the risks of having alternative roots outweigh the comparative

13) Do the comparative advantages outweigh the risks of having alternative

14)What are the implications for DNSSEC if there are alternative roots if
currently there are 427 TLDs in the root zone of which 235 are signed and
that 229 have trust anchors published in the DS records in the root zone
whilst 4 TLDs have trust anchors published in the ISC DLV

15)If there are 7 billion people on the planet and 2.1 billion are
currently recorded as users, could new test models be developed for the
remaining unreached population where lessons are learnt from existing

16)Are the countries who are moving to develop alternative roots despite
contrary public opinion? In the unlikely case that they do, would the
community be prepared to mitigate risks?

17)Can what Country X calls its critical information infrastructure become
the collective responsibility of a multistakeholder community?

18)What are the implications of alternative roots on international

19)Does Country X have the legal authority to access information from the
Root Zone?

20)What are ways to instill confidence in a single unified root?

21)Do all the stakeholders share the same vision of an open and free

22)How do stakeholders define what is open and free? Is it the same?

23)What role can stakeholders play to preserve what is best for an open and
free internet?
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